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White Papers

Although aquaculture generally receives good press, some reports have questioned its activities by presenting information in a misleading way. The Global Aquaculture Alliance supports science-based research on issues related to aquaculture. Follow the links below to view recent reports.

Reducing Risk in Aquaculture

White paperThis report is the result of an international effort led by the Responsible Aquaculture Foundation and the World Bank to analyze and draw practical lessons from the experiences of aquaculture disease outbreaks in Chile, Vietnam, Madagascar and Mozambique for the benefit of stakeholders throughout the aquaculture industry. It was produced by a broad spectrum of experts and engaged a wide range of industry, government and civil society sources.

The objective was not to compare how the case study countries found themselves with disease problems and scrutinize their responses, but rather to look for commonalities and exceptions in the history and structure of aquaculture in three regions of the world to elucidate key concepts in aquatic disease management. This information can help farmers, investors and policy makers better prepare for the impacts of disease. Download the PDF.

Case Study: WSSV in Mozambique and Madagascar

White paperPrepared by the Responsible Aquaculture Foundation and funded by the World Bank, this report is Case Study 3 of a series entitled “Lessons Learned in Aquaculture Disease Management.”

Shrimp farms in Madagascar and Mozambique remained free from white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) until 2011, when the virus likely spread from wild shrimp populations to the farms. The use of unscreened wild broodstock and high rates of water exchange to maintain water quality in ponds increased their vulnerability to WSSV infection.

Recovery from the WSSV crisis will require the elimination of the use of wild broodstock and the establishment of a breeding center to produce broodstock genetically selected for resistance to WSSV. Farms will also have to install aeration to reduce or eliminate their dependence on water exchange. The regulatory framework needs to be upgraded to provide comprehensive aquatic animal health policies, adequately funded regulatory agencies and national reference laboratories. Download the PDF.

Recovery of Chilean Salmon Industry

White paperIn this study, co-sponsored by the World Bank, the Undersecretariat for Fisheries of the Chilean government and SalmonChile, the Global Aquaculture Alliance brought together an international group of experts to analyze the progression of and recovery from the crisis that resulted from infectious salmon anemia in the Chilean salmon industry, extracting lessons that might prevent or mitigate impacts of similar outbreaks in aquaculture industries elsewhere. Download the PDF.